Pasqua. VARIANTS: Pasqui,Pasca, Pasco and Paschi; Di Pasqua.
ALTERED AND DERIVED FORMS: Pasquèlli, Pasquètti, Pasquini and Pasquino, Pasquinelli, Pasquinucci and Pasquinuzzi, Pasquotti, Pasquazzo, Pasquati and Pasquato; Paschétti and Paschétto, Paschini, Pascucci and Pascuzzi, Pascuzzo, Pasculli, Pascòtti and Pascòt, Pascutti and Pascutto, Pàscli and Pàascolo, Pascolétti, Pascolini, Pascolato and Pascolàt, Pascolutti.
It is widespread throughout Italy, with different distribution and frequency depending on the two types and the various forms: the basic forms Pasqua or Pasca are rare, prevailing in Central and southern Italy. Pasqui is Tuscan and central, Paschi is from Emilia-Romagna and Veneto; Pasquato and Pascutti, with their apocopate forms, are typical of the three Venices, and Pascoli spreads thence to Emilia Romagna and Marche as well. It takes its origin from the first name Pasqua, feminine but mainly masculine in altered and derived forms, which was originally given to children born on Easter, the Christian feast that recalls the resurrection of Jesus and continues the Jewish celebration of the liberation of the people of Israel from slavery in Egypt. The name Pasqua continues the Christian Latin Pascha, adaptation from Greek Pāscha (from Hebrew pesah, Aramaic pisha " feast, Easter celebration", from the Hebrew verb pasah "to go beyond" or "to protect"). The Greek Pásha was connected by popular etymology to páschein "to suffer", and so the name and the feast were extended to commemorate the Passion, Death and Resurrection of Christ. The Latin Pascha became Paschua in late and medieval age by popular portmanteau etymology with Pascua "pastures, meadows" (see Pasquali).
It is very likely that Pasquini's progenitor is the same Pasquino, much loved by Romans, whose statue is "hidden" in Piazza Pasquino and where, up till today, people traditionally post comments and anonymous messages.
In the sixteenth century, during the Papal Empire, Pasquino, a hunch-backed and curious tailor, was the first one to start posting satirical poems on a mutilated Hellenic statue, which then assumed the name "Pasquino" from the "pasquinate" affixed to it. These satirical epitaphs were usually addressed to the Pope or concerned church power and politics.
Among other characters that made the name famous, we mention the stock character Pasquino Tataranchio (known as Pasquin in the French theater), a wily and cheeky servant.
Benedetto, Bracciolini's successor at the Medicean chancellery;
Pietro, appointed cardinal by Pope Julius II, who wrote in 1250 the Papal bull "Exsurge Domine" against Luther;
Bernardo, (1637-1710) composer, organist and harpsichord player, maestro of Scarlatti and author of the famous "Toccata con lo scherzo del cucù"; prolific composer of instrumental and vocal music, he was distinguished particularly in the latter and was probably among the first significant authors of sonatas for two keyboard instruments and of sonatas in two movements, which are a prelude to Domenico Scarlatti's harpsichord works.
Francesco, secretary of Francesco Sforza.
Pasquini family coat of arms
FAMILY TREE OF PASQUINI LAST NAME
Enciclopedia Rizzoli Larousse 2000 - Copyright RCS Libri S.P.A.
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